The Berlin Data Protection Authority fined a German real estate organization in 2019 with EUR 14.5 million, a few weeks ago the Berlin court lifted the fine. The prosecution has since appealed this court decision. It is likely that the case will be referred to the European Court of Justice (ECJ). The dispute under German law is whether data protection authorities must show that a specific individual is responsible for a breach of data protection law by an organization or whether it is sufficient to show that the organization as such breached data protection laws.